Utah Code 26-6, the Communicable Disease Control Act, gives the Utah Department of Health authority to investigate and control communicable diseases and epidemic infections which may affect the public health. The Communicable Disease Control Act allows the Utah Department of Health to identify diseases that must be reported, and establish rules for how those diseases should be identified, reported, investigated and controlled. The Utah Department of Health establishes these rules through the Utah Communicable Disease Rule R386-702.
Public health in Utah also has the authority to collect any records or other materials necessary to conduct a thorough investigation. This may include medical records, additional laboratory testing results, treatment and vaccination history, clinical material, or contact information for cases, suspect cases, or persons potentially exposed.