Q fever is a rare disease spread primarily by infected animals. Sheep, cattle, goats, cats, dogs, birds, and ticks are commonly infected animals. Those who work with animals, including veterinarians, meat workers, and farmers are at the highest risk of exposure.
Q fever is spread to humans primarily through airborne dust. The dust becomes contaminated with bacteria from infected animals. Raw or unpasteurized milk from infected cattle can also cause infection. Common symptoms are fever, chills, headache, weakness, and severe sweats. Mild cases of Q fever can be treated with antibiotics. If infection recurs, antibiotics may need to be taken for a longer period of time.
Information for General Public
Information for Public Health Departments
- Centers for Disease Control & Prevention
- Center for Food Security and Public Health
- Mayo Clinic
- National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Disease